Sculptures are the most creative forms of art, where the artist’s imagination gains a three-dimensional look. It is an ever-growing art form evolving and changing to the likes of the contemporary world. We can create different types of sculptures using a wide variety of media such as rocks, wood, metals, paper, fabrics, rubber, plaster, etc. Be it small or huge, these three-dimensional structures made through different sculpture techniques continue to stand as a bridge connecting our past and present. The contemporary world has come up with different types of sculpture without confining them to carved objects or statues. We can classify this most appealing visual art form into several types based on the sculpture techniques, the media and the forms in which they are available. Let us look into different types of sculptures ranging from the traditional to modern sculptures.
Based on their sculpture forms and Techniques,
The relief sculpture technique is also known as relievo. In this technique the sculptures remain attached to the surface in which they are sculpted. It is a unique method which combines both two-dimensional pictures and three-dimensional sculptures. The relief sculptures are usually classified into three different types namely, high relief, low relief and sunken relief.
The high relief sculptures are also known as alto-relievo or alto-relief sculptures. In this technique the sculpted images projects outside the background surface. Some parts of the sculptures are fully disengaged from the ground. The high relief sculptures create similar effect as that of a free standing or round sculptures. High relief sculpture stone palmyra baalshamin god paris by cmdixon High relief sculpture wood carving mythology character High relief sculpture vishnu wood
They are also known as basso-relievo or bas-relief sculptures. In this technique, the sculpture projects very slightly from the background surface. The perspective of the sculptor can be easily understood from the front view of the sculpture. Low relief bas sculpture banteaysrei cambodia ravana
A French term from the Italian basso-relievo(Low Relief), bas(pronounced bah) is a sculpture technique in which figures the elements are more prominent than the background.Bas relief angkor wat devatas female cambodia Bas relief khmer soldiers war Bas relief low sculpture interior peacock by goga tandashvili Bas relief low sculpture on wood from phillipine museum
The sunken reliefs are also known as intaglio or incised relief sculptures. In this technique the sculpted image never rises above the background surface. The sculpting takes place below the background surface.
Carving is a subtractive process of shaping a material by chipping and scraping away the surface of the material. Initially, in this process the outer forms of the sculpture are created and then the inner details of the sculpture are done. Carving is usually done on hard materials like wood and stone using sharp tools such as chisels.
Wood carving sculpture buddha Old wood carving sculpture sun god hindu Wood carving sculpture ganesh hindu god Wood carving sculpture krishna hindu god Wood carving hindu god Wood carving jesus sculpture
They are popularly known as free standing sculptures. These sculptures are completely three dimensional and can be viewed from different angles. The sculptor must consider the centre of gravity of the pieces to make sure the sculpture will not fall over. These sculptures are generally not heavy on top and ensure the mass is uniformly distributed throughout the sculpture.
In this sculpture technique we use a mould to create the sculpture. The artist pours a pliable or liquid material such as molten metal, wax, rubber, clay or plaster into the mould and allows it to harden into the desired shape. The same mould can be re-used several times thereby allowing the sculptor to create similar sculptures.
Look into bronze sculptures that are usually created using the casting technique.
25 Beautiful Bronze Sculptures and Bronze Casting Art works
See remaining sculpture types in NEXT PAGE
7. Modeling sculpturesAssembled sculptures
8. Installation sculptures
9. Kinetic sculptures
10. Earthwork sculptures
11. Types of Sculptures Based on the Media ( 34 TYPES )
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